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- Wang, Shuyue; Tholen, Danny; Zhu, Xin‐Guang
- Plant, cell and environment 2017 v.40 no.1 pp. 80-94
- C3 plants, etc ; C3 photosynthesis; C4 photosynthesis; C4 plants; air; bundle sheath cells; carbon dioxide; cell walls; chloroplasts; energy; engineering; evolution; leaves; mesophyll; models; permeability; ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase; rice; surface area; Show all 19 Subjects
- ... Engineering C₄ photosynthesis into rice has been considered a promising strategy to increase photosynthesis and yield. A question that remains to be answered is whether expressing a C₄ metabolic cycle into a C₃ leaf structure and without removing the C₃ background metabolism improves photosynthetic efficiency. To explore this question, we developed a 3D reaction diffusion model of bundle‐sheath an ...
- PubMed Central:
- Biederman, Lori; Mortensen, Brent; Fay, Philip; Hagenah, Nicole; Knops, Johannes; La Pierre, Kimberly; Laungani, Ramesh; Lind, Eric; McCulley, Rebecca; Power, Sally; Seabloom, Eric; Tognetti, Pedro
- Plos One 2017 v.12 no.5 pp. 1-15
- C3 plants, etc ; Angiospermae; C4 plants; botanical composition; ecological invasion; ecoregions; eutrophication; flowering; global change; graminoids; growing season; indigenous species; introduced species; moieties; nitrogen; nutrients; phenology; phosphorus; potassium; prairies; Great Plains region; Show all 21 Subjects
- ... The distribution of flowering across the growing season is governed by each species' evolutionary history and climatic variability. However, global change factors, such as eutrophication and invasion, can alter plant community composition and thus change the distribution of flowering across the growing season. We examined three ecoregions (tall-, mixed, and short-grass prairie) across the U.S. Cen ...
- PubMed Central:
- Bloom, Arnold J.; Kameritsch, Petra
- Physiologia plantarum 2017 v.161 no.4 pp. 545-559
- C3 plants, etc ; active sites; amino acids; bacteria; carbohydrates; carbon; carbon dioxide; carbon dioxide fixation; chloroplasts; leaves; magnesium; manganese; nitrates; nitrogen; oxygen; photorespiration; reducing agents; ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase; thermodynamics; tobacco; Show all 20 Subjects
- ... Rubisco, the enzyme that constitutes as much as half of the protein in a leaf, initiates either the photorespiratory pathway that supplies reductant for the assimilation of nitrate into amino acids or the C3 carbon fixation pathway that generates carbohydrates. The relative rates of these two pathways depend both on the relative extent to which O₂ and CO₂ occupies the active site of Rubisco and on ...
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