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- Eva Ludes-Wehrmeister; Claudia Dupke; Timm C. Harder; Wolfgang Baumgärtner; Ludwig Haas; Jonas Teilmann; Rune Dietz; Lasse F. Jensen; Ursula Siebert
- Veterinary microbiology 2016 v.183 pp. 43-49
- blood serum; neutralization tests; marine mammals; seroprevalence; antibodies; Influenza A virus; Canine morbillivirus; epizootic diseases; Phoca vitulina; Phocine morbillivirus; disease outbreaks; population density; mortality; pathogens; North Sea
- ... Phocine distemper virus (PDV) infections caused the two most pronounced mass mortalities in marine mammals documented in the past century. During the two outbreaks, 23,000 and 30,000 harbour seals (Phoca vitulina), died in 1988/1989 and 2002 across populations in the Wadden Sea and adjacent waters, respectively. To follow the mechanism and development of disease spreading, the dynamics of Morbilli ...
- Sally Woodman; Amanda J. Gibson; Ana Rubio García; Guillermo Sanchez Contreras; John W. Rossen; Dirk Werling; Victoria Offord
- Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 2016 v.169 pp. 10-14
- Mirounga; endangered species; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; marine mammals; population dynamics; Brucella; risk; Toll-like receptor 6; methicillin; bacterial infections; pathogens; Phoca vitulina; disease outbreaks; mortality; antibiotic resistance; innate immunity; Influenza A virus; environmental health; Phocine morbillivirus; vaccine adjuvants; Toll-like receptor 1
- ... Pinnipeds are a diverse clade of semi-aquatic mammals, which act as key indicators of ecosystem health. Their transition from land to marine environments provides a complex microbial milieu, making them vulnerable to both aquatic and terrestrial pathogens, thereby contributing to pinniped population decline. Indeed, viral pathogens such as influenza A virus and phocine distemper virus (PDV) have b ...