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- Haag, Regula, et al. Show all 8 Authors
- Environmental Science & Technology 2016 v.50 no.21 pp. 11853-11861
- alternative fuels; bioethanol; carbon dioxide; ethanol; gasoline; genotoxicity; greenhouse gas emissions; mixing; nanoparticles; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
- ... Bioethanol as an alternative fuel is widely used as a substitute for gasoline and also in gasoline direct injection (GDI) vehicles, which are quickly replacing traditional port-fuel injection (PFI) vehicles. Better fuel efficiency and increased engine power are reported advantages of GDI vehicles. However, increased emissions of soot-like nanoparticles are also associated with GDI technology with ...