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- Yu, Yanlong, et al. Show all 6 Authors
- RSC advances 2016 v.6 no.36 pp. 29950-29957
- energy; ions; irradiation; palladium; photocatalysis; photocatalysts; sol-gel processing; synergism; titanium dioxide; zirconium
- ... A series of TiO₂ photocatalysts introduced with Zr and Pd (TiO₂–Zr–Pdx) are synthesized via a sol–gel method. It is revealed that Zr⁴⁺ ions are doped into TiO₂ lattice in the substitutional mode and Pd²⁺ ions exist as –O–Pd–O– species on the surface of TiO₂. The energy level of the substitutional doped Zr⁴⁺ ions and –O–Pd–O– surface species are located about 0.15 eV below the conduction band and 0 ...