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- Kapczynski, Darrell R., et al. Show all 7 Authors
- Vaccine 2015 v.33 no.9 pp. 1197
- Influenza A virus; Meleagrid herpesvirus 1; T-lymphocytes; age; antibodies; antigenic variation; avian influenza; cell-mediated immunity; chickens; cloaca; cytotoxicity; emulsions; gene expression; genes; hemagglutinins; live vaccines; mortality; mouth; oils; placebos; signs and symptoms (animals and humans); swans; turkeys; vaccination; vector vaccines; viral load; viral shedding; viruses; Hungary
- ... Vaccination is an important tool in the protection of poultry against avian influenza (AI). For field use, the overwhelming majority of AI vaccines produced are inactivated whole virus formulated into an oil emulsion. However, recombinant vectored vaccines are gaining use for their ability to induce protection against heterologous isolates and ability to overcome maternal antibody interference. In ...