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- Kapczynski, Darrell R., et al. Show all 6 Authors
- Avian diseases 2014 v.58 no.1 pp. 46-52
- Newcastle disease; Newcastle disease virus; blood; broiler chickens; calcium phosphates; chitosan; disease prevention; humoral immunity; inactivated vaccines; intranasal administration; laying hens; vaccination; vaccine adjuvants; viral antigens
- ... The adjuvant activity of chitosan (CS) and calcium phosphate (CAP) particles was studied following intranasal (mucosal) administration to commercial chickens with inactivated Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine. After three vaccinations with inactivated NDV in combination with CS or CAP an increase in antibody titers in blood and mucosal samples in chickens was observed when compared with the ad ...