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- Beyer, Florian, et al. Show all 9 Authors
- Journal of membrane science 2014 v.468 pp. 339-348
- adenosine triphosphate; anaerobic conditions; artificial membranes; biofilm; cleaning; drinking water; energy-dispersive X-ray analysis; fouling; groundwater; iron; metal ions; nanofiltration; necropsy; organic carbon; permeability; porosity; reverse osmosis; scanning electron microscopy; solubility; sulfides; surface water; water treatment
- ... Long-term performance and fouling behavior of four full-scale nanofiltration (NF) plants, treating anoxic groundwater at 80% recovery for drinking water production, were characterized and compared with oxic NF and reverse osmosis systems. Plant operating times varied between 6 and 10 years and pretreatment was limited to 10µm pore size cartridge filtration and antiscalant dosage (2–2.5mgL⁻¹) only. ...