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- Birka, Marvin, et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Journal of chromatography 2013 v.1308 pp. 125-131
- aerosols; anthropogenic activities; aquatic environment; conservation areas; detection limit; ecosystems; gadolinium; hydrophilic interaction chromatography; long term effects; magnetic resonance imaging; mass spectrometry; surface water; wastewater treatment; Germany
- ... The application of gadolinium(Gd)-based contrast agents to support medical examinations by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results in a large input of Gd into the environment. The long-term effects of the anthropogenic Gd anomaly, especially on aqueous ecosystems, are mostly unknown. The identification and quantification of Gd-based contrast agents in the aquatic environment requires the use of p ...