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- Tordiffe, Adrian Stephen Wolferstan; van der Watt, George Frederick; Reyers, Fred
- Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine 2012 v.43 no.3 pp. 649-651
- Caracal caracal, etc ; alanine; animals; blood; creatinine; cystine; excretion; gas chromatography; lysine; males; mass spectrometry; ornithine; ultrasonics; urine; urolithiasis; zoos; South Africa; Show all 17 Subjects
- ... In July 2009, a 14-yr-old male caracal (Caracal caracal) at the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa was found, on abdominal ultrasound, to have a single large cystolith. The cystolith was removed, and the composition was determined to be 100% cystine. Blood and urine samples were also collected from three other apparently healthy caracals at the zoo and were submitted, together with the sa ...