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- Hellens, Roger P., et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Journal of experimental botany 2012 v.63 no.15 pp. 5437-5450
- Malus; anthocyanidins; anthocyanins; antioxidant activity; apples; biosynthesis; catechin; cultivars; enzymes; epicatechin; flavonols; fruits; gene expression; genes; high performance liquid chromatography; human health; messenger RNA; polymers; proanthocyanidins; quantitative polymerase chain reaction; seeds; transcription (genetics)
- ... Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are products of the flavonoid pathway, which also leads to the production of anthocyanins and flavonols. Many flavonoids have antioxidant properties and may have beneficial effects for human health. PAs are found in the seeds and fruits of many plants. In apple fruit (Malus × domestica Borkh.), the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway is most active in the skin, with the flavan-3 ...
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