Jump to Main Content
- Spadavecchia, C., et al. Show all 4 Authors
- The veterinary journal 2011 v.188 no.2 pp. 178-183
- analgesics; anesthesia; horses; laparotomy; pain; patients
- ... The aim of this study was to refine a multi-dimensional scale based on physiological and behavioural parameters, known as the post abdominal surgery pain assessment scale (PASPAS), to quantify pain after laparotomy in horses. After a short introduction, eight observers used the scale to assess eight horses at multiple time points after laparotomy. In addition, a single observer was used to test th ...