Japanese people; antioxidant activity; ascorbic acid; body mass index; folic acid; food intake; men; noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; prospective studies; protective effect; pyridoxine; regression analysis; riboflavin; risk; risk reduction; smoking (habit); thiamin; women
... Recent studies have shown that micronutrients are involved in the pathology of type 2 diabetes. Antioxidant effects of vitamins C and B₂ and homocysteine-lowering effects of vitamins B₆, folate and B₁₂ may have protective roles. However, a few reports have investigated the association between dietary water-soluble vitamin intakes and risk of diabetes. In a prospective study encompassing 19 168 hea ...
Costa, Edna S.; França, Carolina N.; Fonseca, Francisco A. H.; Kato, Juliana T.; Bianco, Henrique T.; Freitas, Thiago T.; Fonseca, Henrique A. R.; Figueiredo Neto, Antonio Martins; Izar, Maria Cristina
amylases; bananas; biomass; blood glucose; body composition; body mass index; body weight; diastolic blood pressure; fasting; food intake; gastric emptying; glucose; high density lipoprotein cholesterol; hip circumference; homeostasis; hydrolysis; insulin resistance; models; noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; nutritional support; patients; randomized clinical trials; resistant starch; risk; waist circumference
... Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic, characterised as a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders associated with high risk of CVD. Green banana biomass, which is composed of resistant starches (RS) and cannot be hydrolysed by amylases, delays gastric emptying and modulates insulin sensitivity, thus contributing to improve metabolic disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate th ...
Asians; Muslims; World Health Organization; anemia; body mass index; gestational age; malaria; multivariate analysis; nutrition; pregnancy; pregnant women; refugees; risk factors; weight gain
... The objective of the present study is to summarise trends in under- and over-nutrition in pregnant women on the Thailand–Myanmar border. Refugees contributed data from 1986 to 2016 and migrants from 1999 to 2016 for weight at first antenatal consultation. BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG) data were available during 2004–2016 when height was routinely measured. Risk factors for low and high BMI ...
Malik, V. S.; Sudha, V.; Wedick, N. M.; RamyaBai, M.; Vijayalakshmi, P.; Lakshmipriya, N.; Gayathri, R.; Kokila, A.; Jones, C.; Hong, B.; Li, R.; Krishnaswamy, K.; Anjana, R. M.; Spiegelman, D.; Willett, W. C.; Hu, F. B.; Mohan, V.
C-reactive protein; adults; blood glucose; body mass index; brown rice; cross-over studies; glycosylation; homeostasis; inflammation; insulin; insulin resistance; low density lipoprotein cholesterol; metabolic syndrome; models; noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; overweight; parboiling; randomized clinical trials; risk factors; India
... India has the second largest number of people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) globally. Epidemiological evidence indicates that consumption of white rice is positively associated with T2D risk, while intake of brown rice is inversely associated. Thus, we explored the effect of substituting brown rice for white rice on T2D risk factors among adults in urban South India. A total of 166 overweight (BMI ≥ ...