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- Cosgrove, Catherine L.; Wood, Matthew J.; Day, Karen P.; Sheldon, Ben C.
- Journal of animal ecology 2008 v.77 no.3 pp. 540-548
- Cyanistes caeruleus; Haemoproteus; Plasmodium relictum; age structure; autumn; avian malaria; birds; demography; diagnostic techniques; disease incidence; disease prevalence; environmental factors; host-parasite relationships; hosts; infectious diseases; models; morphospecies; parasites; seasonal variation; spring; temperate zones; wildlife diseases
- ... 1. Seasonal variation in environmental conditions is ubiquitous and can affect the spread of infectious diseases. Understanding seasonal patterns of disease incidence can help to identify mechanisms, such as the demography of hosts and vectors, which influence parasite transmission dynamics. 2. We examined seasonal variation in Plasmodium infection in a blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus population over ...
- Michael D. Samuel; Bethany L. Woodworth; Carter T. Atkinson; Patrick J. Hart; Dennis A. LaPointe
- Ecological monographs 2018 v.88 no.4 pp. 621-637
- Avipoxvirus; Plasmodium relictum; altitude; arthropods; autumn; avian malaria; evolution; forest birds; forests; insect vectors; linear models; longitudinal studies; mortality; risk; seasonal variation; spring; summer; virulence; winter
- ... Despite the purported role of avian pox (Avipoxvirus spp.) in the decline of endemic Hawaiian birds, few studies have been conducted on the dynamics of this disease, its impact on free‐living avian populations, or its interactions with avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum). We conducted four longitudinal studies of 3–7 yr in length and used generalized linear models to evaluate cross‐sectional preva ...