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- Daniel P. Benesh; Martin Kalbe
- journal of animal ecology 2016 v.85 no.4 pp. 1004-1013
- Gasterosteus aculeatus; Schistocephalus; Trematoda; cages; community structure; cross immunity; energy; field experimentation; fish; foraging; immune response; interspecific competition; intraspecific variation; lakes; tapeworms
- ... Non‐random species associations occur in naturally sampled parasite communities. The processes resulting in predictable community structure (e.g. particular host behaviours, cross‐immunity, interspecific competition) could be affected by traits that vary within a parasite species, like growth or antigenicity. We experimentally infected three‐spined sticklebacks with a large tapeworm (Schistocephal ...
- REIMCHEN, T.E.; NOSIL, P.
- Biological journal of the Linnean Society 2001 v.73 no.1 pp. 51-63
- Gasterosteus aculeatus; Nematoda; Schistocephalus; Trematoda; diet; females; gender differences; habitats; males; nests; parasites; parasitism; prediction; reproduction; sexual selection; stomach
- ... Males and females can differ in levels of parasitism and such differences may be mediated by the costs of sexual selection or by ecological differences between the genders. In threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus, males exhibit paternal care and territorial nest defence and the costs of reproduction may be particularly high for males relative to females. We monitored levels of parasitism ...