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- L. M. Martins; J. P. Castro; M. E. Gouveia
- Acta horticulturae 2014 no.1043 pp. 51-56
- Castanea sativa; Cryphonectria parasitica; biological control; disease control; founder effect; fungi; health status; pathogens; plant health; population structure; quarantine; selfing; soil management; soil types; tree age; trees; virulence; Portugal
- ... Hypovirulence is a specific biological control method of chestnut blight, a lethal disease of American and European chestnut. The causal pathogen of chestnut blight is Cryphonectria parasitica, a fungus of Asian origin and an A2 quarantine organism in Europe. The disease has been reported since 1990 in Portugal, one of the last European countries where the pathogen was introduced. The chestnut bli ...
- S. Diamandis; C. Perlerou; Z. Nakopoulou; V. Christopoulos; E. Topalidou; G. Tziros
- Acta horticulturae 2014 no.1043 pp. 23-34
- Castanea; Cryphonectria parasitica; biological control; coppicing; forests; fungi; horticulture; human resources; inoculum; orchards; silvicultural practices; tree age; viruses; Greece
- ... Since 1963 when chestnut blight was recorded for the first time in Greece, the disease has spread into all 29 chestnut growing prefectures. As a result the national, annual chestnut production was reduced from 18,000 tons in the 1960s to 11,000 tons in 2005. A project for the application of biological control on a nationwide scale was funded and implemented during the period 2007-2009. Hypovirulen ...