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- Alexsandro Santana Vieira; Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias; Flavio Roces
- Arthropod structure & development 2015 v.44 no.5 pp. 444-454
- Atta sexdens rubropilosa; antibiotics; antiseptics; evolution; fungus gardens; leaf-cutting ants; microorganisms; nesting; organic matter; organic soils; pathogens; queen insects; risk; soil depth; soil horizons
- ... Queens of leaf-cutting ants found their nests singly, each consisting of a vertical tunnel and a final horizontal chamber. Because of the claustral mode of nest founding, the queen and/or her initial fungus garden are exposed to threats imposed by several soil pathogens, and the antibiotic secretions produced by their metapleural glands are considered a main adaptation to deal with them. Nests of ...
- Alexsandro S. Vieira; Manuela O. Ramalho; Cintia Martins; Vanderlei G. Martins; Odair C. Bueno
- Current microbiology 2017 v.74 no.10 pp. 1216-1225
- Actinomycetales; Atta sexdens rubropilosa; Bacillales; Burkholderiales; Clostridiales; Enterobacteriales; Entomoplasmatales; Lactobacillales; Syntrophobacterales; bacteria; evolution; fungi; fungus gardens; immune response; leaf-cutting ants; leaves; microbial communities; microsymbionts; midgut; nutrition; parasitism; symbiosis
- ... Bacterial endosymbionts are common in all insects, and symbiosis has played an integral role in ant evolution. Atta sexdens rubropilosa leaf-cutting ants cultivate their symbiotic fungus using fresh leaves. They need to defend themselves and their brood against diseases, but they also need to defend their obligate fungus gardens, their primary food source, from infection, parasitism, and usurpatio ...