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- Fernandez, Linda M., et al. Show all 2 Author
- Journal of environmental management 2011 v.92 no.12 pp. 3071-3081
- boats; cleaning; coastal water; coasts; coatings; copper; development policy; economic sustainability; energy use and consumption; fouling; friction; invasive species; leaching; paints; research policy; risk; risk assessment; risk management; water policy; water quality; California; Mexico
- ... Integrated solutions are needed for sustainable management of risks posed by recreational boats to coastal water quality and ecosystems. Fouling organisms roughen vessel hull surfaces, creating friction that slows sailboats and increases fuel consumption by powerboats. Hull fouling control strategies for recreational boats that are stored in the water may include antifouling hull paints, newer alt ...
- Fernandez, Linda M., et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Ocean & coastal management 2012 v.59 pp. 13-19
- adults; beaches; energy costs; equipment; lodging; managers; summer; travel; California
- ... Visitors (n = 2455) were surveyed at fourteen southern California beaches in the summer of 2009 to measure travel expenditures associated with a recreational beach trip. The majority of beach trips were made by California residents (88%), and most traveled by motorized vehicle (90%). Mean distance traveled per beach trip was 35.0 miles; mean time at the beach was 4.0 h; and mean age of adult visit ...