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- Österling, E. M.
- Animal conservation 2019 v.22 no.5 pp. 444-451
- Margaritifera margaritifera; Salmo trutta; environmental factors; fish eggs; fish fry; habitat destruction; hosts; juveniles; larvae; mussels; parasites; sediment transport; sediments; streams; sympatry; threatened species; trout; turbidity; watersheds; yolk sac
- ... Free‐living, sympatric sedentary life stages of hosts and parasites are often adapted to similar environmental conditions. When the environment where these life stages occur is disturbed, both species can decline, causing strong negative effects on the parasitic species. For the highly threatened unionoid mussels with their larval parasitic life stage on fish, habitat degradation may simultaneousl ...