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- Middlemas, Scott, et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Journal of cleaner production 2015 v.89 pp. 137-147
- carbon dioxide; energy; environmental impact; greenhouse gas emissions; hydrolysis; industrial applications; leaching; life cycle assessment; manufacturing; nanomaterials; recycling; slags; solvents; sulfates; temperature; titanium dioxide; washing
- ... Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is used as pigment in a wide variety of domestic and industrial applications, and is becoming an increasingly valuable nanomaterial. TiO2 is manufactured by the traditional sulfate process or high temperature chloride process. Several hydrometallurgical processes for manufacturing TiO2 have recently emerged to reduce the environmental impact of TiO2 production. A new proces ...