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- Beckett, Emma Louise; Martin, Charlotte; Boyd, Lyndell; Porter, Teagan; King, Katrina; Niblett, Suzanne; Yates, Zoe; Veysey, Martin; Lucock, Mark
- Journal of nutrition & intermediary metabolism 2017 v.8 pp. 14-20
- neural tube defects, etc ; Australians; blood serum; breadmaking; demographic statistics; eating habits; elderly; folic acid; food intake; homocysteine; issues and policy; metabolism; risk factors; vitamin status; wheat flour; women; Australia; Show all 17 Subjects
- ... In 2009, Australia implemented mandatory folic acid fortification in wheat flour for bread-making. The primary aim was to improve folate status in reproductive-aged women to reduce neural tube defect incidence. However, folic acid consumption has consequently increased in all demographics. Blood folate is inversely associated with homocysteine levels, a risk factor for multiple diseases. Therefore ...
- Blaisdell, Julie; Turyk, Mary E.; Almberg, Kirsten S.; Jones, Rachael M.; Stayner, Leslie T.
- Environmental research 2019 v.176 pp. 108553
- neural tube defects, etc ; children; compliance; data collection; demographic statistics; drinking water; environmental protection; epidemiological studies; heart abnormalities; issues and policy; maternal exposure; maximum contaminant level; models; nitrates; risk factors; Missouri; Show all 16 Subjects
- ... Nitrate is a common water contaminant that has been associated with birth defects, although the evidence is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine whether maternal consumption of nitrate through drinking water is associated with an increased risk of congenital anomalies.The study included a total of 348,250 singletons births from the state of Missouri between January 1, 2004 and Decembe ...
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