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- Alfaro, Thelma, et al. Show all 7 Authors
- Public health nutrition 2017 v.20 no.13 pp. 2440-2449
- cities; food industry; foods; public health; trans fatty acids; unsaturated fats; Argentina; Brazil; Costa Rica; Latin America; Mexico
- ... To assess progress towards the elimination of trans-fatty acids (TFA) in foods after the 2008 Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommendation of virtual elimination of TFA in Latin America. A descriptive, comparative analysis of foods that were likely to contain TFA and were commonly consumed in four cities in Latin America. San José (Costa Rica), Mexico City (Mexico), Rio de Janeiro (Brazi ...
- Alfaro, Thelma, et al. Show all 8 Authors
- TheAmerican journal of clinical nutrition 2015 v.101 no.1 pp. 210-217
- Estimated Average Requirement; children; clinical nutrition; corn flour; dried milk; food fortification; fortified foods; hemoglobin; iron; iron deficiency anemia; milk; monitoring; national surveys; nutrient deficiencies; program evaluation; wheat flour; women; Costa Rica
- ... Background: Food fortification is one approach for addressing anemia, but information on program effectiveness is limited.Objective: We evaluated the impact of Costa Rica's fortification program on anemia in women aged 15–45 y and children aged 1–7 y.Design: Reduced iron, an ineffective fortificant, was replaced by ferrous fumarate in wheat flour in 2002, and ferrous bisglycinate was added to maiz ...
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- Alfaro, Thelma, et al. Show all 11 Authors
- adolescents; anemia; ascorbic acid; blood serum; body mass index; children; folic acid; food intake; high density lipoprotein cholesterol; homocysteine; homozygosity; methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase; mutation; nutritional status; parasitoses; riboflavin; risk factors; saturated fats; triacylglycerols; unsaturated fats; vitamin A; vitamin A deficiency; vitamin B12; zinc
- ... The purpose of this study was to determine the blood levels of selected nutritional status indicators and the dietary intake of Costa Rican Cabécar Indians aged 10 to 16 years. The results showed that 65% of the adolescents had an adequate body mass index (BMI) for their age, and 32% had a BMI < 5th percentile. Likewise, the study revealed a high prevalence of anemia (57%), deficient serum folate ...