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- Ballen, Lindley B., et al. Show all 4 Authors
- Northeastern naturalist 2018 v.25 no.2 pp. 248-264
- analysis of variance; anthropogenic activities; autumn; birds; chronosequences; forest restoration; forest stands; habitat preferences; habitats; hardwood; hardwood forests; models; spring; surveys; trees; valleys
- ... Since the 1950s, anthropogenic activity has caused the loss of millions of hectares of bottomland hardwood forest in the Upper Mississippi River Valley, causing population declines in bird populations. Restoration of these forest stands has been ongoing for the past 2 decades. We assessed bird species presence on sites in the Upper Mississippi River Valley to quantify diversity and relate presence ...