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- Goujgoulova, Gabriela V., et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Avian diseases 2010 v.54 no.1 pp. 361-364
- hemagglutination inhibition test; Avian orthoavulavirus 1; vaccination; zoo animals; antibodies; infection; vertebrate viruses; host range; serotypes; strain differences; pathogenicity; microbial genetics; disease surveillance; birds; serodiagnosis; Influenza A virus; reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; disease transmission; signs and symptoms (animals and humans); Bulgaria
- ... Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and avian influenza virus (AIV) are pathogens of major economic and social importance, and the diseases they cause are often devastating, particularly in domestic poultry. Both viruses are naturally found in a wide variety of wild birds, particularly aquatic species, where asymptomatic infection typically occurs. Wild birds are therefore considered to be a natural res ...