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- Gugele, Sarah, et al. Show all 4 Authors
- Ecosphere 2019 v.10 no.4 pp. e02699
- Coregonus; Daphnia; Gasterosteus aculeatus; Perca fluviatilis; Rutilus rutilus; age structure; energy; escape behavior; fish larvae; habitats; interspecific variation; lakes; littoral zone; natural selection; ontogeny; perch; predation; predators; prey species; zooplankton; Lake Constance
- ... It is a fundamental feature of evolution that natural selection acts on individuals to adapt to predation pressure via the development of anti‐predator mechanisms. As such mechanisms are costly in terms of energy and time, species living in habitats where predators are rare or absent were expected to show reduced predator responses. Such a reduction was expected for larvae of the native whitefish ...