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- Jameel, Hason, et al. Show all 8 Authors
- RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.44 pp. 27682-27688
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; acids; catalysts; fructose; glucose; hot water treatment; hydroxymethylfurfural; nitrogen; scanning electron microscopy; temperature; thermogravimetry; transmission electron microscopy
- ... A novel solid p-hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid–formaldehyde resin (SPFR) was prepared via a straightforward hydrothermal method. The catalytic properties of SPFR solid acids were evaluated in the dehydration reaction of fructose and glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). SEM, TEM, N₂ adsorption–desorption, elemental analysis (EA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and FT-IR were used to explore th ...