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- Johnson, Leigh T., et al. Show all 2 Author
- Journal of environmental management 2011 v.92 no.12 pp. 3071-3081
- boats; cleaning; coastal water; coasts; coatings; copper; development policy; economic sustainability; energy use and consumption; fouling; friction; invasive species; leaching; paints; research policy; risk; risk assessment; risk management; water policy; water quality; California; Mexico
- ... Integrated solutions are needed for sustainable management of risks posed by recreational boats to coastal water quality and ecosystems. Fouling organisms roughen vessel hull surfaces, creating friction that slows sailboats and increases fuel consumption by powerboats. Hull fouling control strategies for recreational boats that are stored in the water may include antifouling hull paints, newer alt ...
- Johnson, Leigh T., et al. Show all 4 Authors
- Journal of environmental management 2009 v.90 no.8 pp. 2460-2468
- water pollution; antifouling agents; copper; paints; pollution control; issues and policy
- ... In marine areas throughout the world where recreational boats are densely located, concentrations of copper in the water are being found to be in excess of government standards, due to the hull coatings used on these boats. Copper-based hull coatings are intended to be antifouling in that they retard the growth of algae, barnacles and tubeworms; but alternatives exist that can eliminate the harm t ...