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- Kwak, N. J., et al. Show all 6 Authors
- Journal of biosciences 2003 v.28 no.1 pp. 77-81
- aluminum; calcium; cell lines; cell viability; cytotoxicity; epithelial cells; hydrogen peroxide; loess; lungs; nitrites; particle size; rats; reactive nitrogen species; sand; silica; silicon; titanium dioxide; tumor necrosis factor-alpha; China
- ... The present study was carried out to observe the cytotoxicity of yellow sand in comparison with silica and titanium dioxide in a rat alveolar type II cell line (RLE-6TN). Yellow sand (China Loess) was obtained from the loess layer in the Gunsu Province of China. The mean particle diameter of yellow sand was about 0003 ± 0.001 mm. Major elements of yellow sand were Si(27.7 ± 0.6%), Al(6.01± 0.17%), ...