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- Leder, Bertram, et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Agricultural and forest meteorology 2018 v.256-257 pp. 431-444
- drought tolerance; drought; trees; forests; Thuja plicata; Cryptomeria japonica var. japonica; stems; Picea abies; Tsuga heterophylla; introduced plants; stem elongation; Acer rubrum; climate change; Metasequoia glyptostroboides; arboreta; Castanea sativa; Fagus sylvatica; Betula maximowicziana; indigenous species; stand basal area; Germany; German Federal Republic
- ... Many non-native tree species have been introduced to Europe to improve forest productivity. It is assumed that some of these species are better able than native species to mitigate negative effects of climate change. A high growth-related tolerance to climatic extremes is essential to qualify a tree species’ suitability for cultivation and must be quantified before initiating adaptation measures. ...
- Leder, Bertram, et al. Show all 12 Authors
- Forest ecology and management 2012 v.283 pp. 106-118
- Quercus petraea; Quercus robur; branches; economics; meta-analysis; planting; seedlings; spatial distribution; stem form; tree growth; tree trunk; trees; Austria; Germany; Switzerland
- ... Cluster planting of oaks (Quercus robur and Quercus petraea) was introduced to central Europe in the 1980s and 1990s as an economic and ecological alternative to the traditional and costly row planting for re-afforestation of wind-thrown and clear-cut areas. Clusters comprising 20–30 seedlings are either ‘nests’ (nest planting) with very dense spacing of ca. 0.2m between trees, or ‘groups’ (group ...