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- Say-Sallaz, Elise, et al. Show all 4 Authors
- Biological conservation 2019 v.235 pp. 36-52
- Canis lupus; Panthera leo; carnivores; demography; ecosystems; invertebrates; population dynamics; predation; predators; reproduction; wolves
- ... Studies on invertebrates and small vertebrates demonstrated the underappreciated importance of the non-consumptive effects (NCE) of predators on their prey. Recently, there has been a growing interest for such effects in large vertebrates. Here, we review the empirical literature on large carnivore-ungulate systems to map our knowledge of predation NCE (from trait modification to the consequences ...
- Say-Sallaz, Elise, et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Biological conservation 2019 v.233 pp. 1-11
- arthropods; birds; carnivores; equations; fish; predation; predator-prey relationships; predators; risk; rodents; ungulates
- ... Predation is a fundamental force exerting strong selective pressure on prey populations. Predators not only kill prey, triggering lethal effects, but also hunt prey which can induce risk effects. Foundational research has documented the importance of risk effects in predator-prey systems of arthropods, fish, birds, and rodents, among others. Risk effects research in carnivore-ungulate systems has ...