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- Steigerwald, K.A., et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Environmental entomology 1996 v.25 no.2 pp. 465-469
- Leptinotarsa decemlineata; Pseudomonas syringae; dose response; topical application; cold tolerance; supercooling point; ice nucleation
- ... Most overwintering insects do not survive internal freezing and must avoid low temperatures or enhance the capacity of their body fluids to supercool to survive low temperature exposure. Recent reports have demonstrated that the application of ice-nucleating active microorganisms markedly diminishes supercooling. Topical application of as little as 20 ppm of a suspension of a freeze-dried preparat ...