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- Todey, Stephen A., et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Environmental toxicology and chemistry 2018 v.37 no.11 pp. 2797-2809
- Culex pipiens; acetamiprid; adverse effects; clothianidin; copper; divalent metals; goethite; half life; hydrolysis; hydroxyl radicals; imidacloprid; kaolinite; larvae; metal ions; nickel; nitenpyram; pH; photolysis; prediction; thiamethoxam; titanium dioxide; toxicity; urea; zinc
- ... Neonicotinoid insecticides are the most widely used class of insecticides worldwide. Concern has grown over their widespread environmental presence and potential unintended adverse effects. The present study examined hydrolysis and photolysis reaction rates of neonicotinoids and assessed any residual toxicity of reaction products. Hydrolysis rates were tested between pH 4 and 10 and found to be ba ...