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 Author:
 Huang, Linchong; Huang, Shuai; Lai, Zhengshou
 Source:
 Engineering geology 2020 v.264 pp. 105323
 ISSN:
 00137952
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; energy; soil strength; Show all 3 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... The definition of slope failure is a critical issue for strength reduction methodbased slope stability analysis. Conventional slope failure criteria, which rely heavily on the distributions of stress, strain and displacement throughout the slope, are relatively complicated and create ambiguity in practical applications. Recognizing such shortcomings, a new energybased criterion for defining slop ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.enggeo.2019.105323

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2019.105323
 Author:
 Pan, Yue; Feng, Xuning; Zhang, Mingxuan; Han, Xuebing; Lu, Languang; Ouyang, Minggao
 Source:
 Journal of cleaner production 2020 v.255 pp. 120277
 ISSN:
 09596526
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; algorithms; energy; lithium batteries; topology; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Internal short circuit is one of the unsolved safety problems that may trigger the thermal runaway of lithiumion batteries. This paper aims to detect the internal short circuit that occurs in battery pack with parallelseries hybrid connections based on the symmetrical loop circuit topology. The theory of the symmetrical loop circuit topology answers the question that: 1) How to locate an exact i ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120277

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120277
 Author:
 Deniz, Ashok A.
 Source:
 Cell 2020 v.181 no.2 pp. 228230
 ISSN:
 00928674
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; condensates; cytoplasmic granules; models; separation; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Cellular liquidliquid phase separation (LLPS) plays a key role in the dynamics and function of RNAprotein condensates like stress granules. In this issue of Cell, Yang et al., GuillénBoixet et al., and Sanders et al. use a combination of experiment and modeling to provide an exciting mechanistic insight into the relationship between stress granules and LLPS, for example, in the context of prote ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.056

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.056
 Author:
 Zhou, JunGang; Li, LingLing; Tseng, MingLang; Lin, GuoQian
 Source:
 Journal of cleaner production 2020 v.251 pp. 119786
 ISSN:
 09596526
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; economic sustainability; models; sustainable development; Show all 4 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... The traditional assessment method of system reliability is based on unit reliability and probability theory, but the rationale behind this method of assessment does not consider resources and economy. Unit reliability tests tend to consume resources and economy, and consequently, reliability assessment of large systems tends to consume a large amount of resources and economy. Taking the series sys ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119786

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119786
 Author:
 Li, Shouqing; Chang, Yunjie; Wang, Yumei; Xu, Qiang; Ge, Binghui
 Source:
 Micron 2020 v.130 pp. 102813
 ISSN:
 09684328
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; image analysis; transmission electron microscopy; Show all 3 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Highresolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) is an important approach to analyzing material structures. However, in reality, preparing a sufficiently thin sample for use in HRTEM, based on which images could be interpreted by weak phase object approximation theory, is difficult. During the imaging process, the thickness of the sample has two primary effects—a dynamical effect and a non ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.micron.2019.102813

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2019.102813
 Author:
 Lequieu, Joshua; Koeper, Trenton; Delaney, Kris T.; Fredrickson, Glenn H.
 Source:
 Macromolecules 2020 v.53 no.2 pp. 513522
 ISSN:
 15205835
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; chemical structure; melting; thermoplastics; Show all 4 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... In this study, we use selfconsistent field theory to demonstrate that the A(BA′)ₙ miktoarm architecture can strongly deflect order–order phase boundaries to large volume fractions fA. The A(BA′)ₙ architecture achieves this strong deflection by combining the effects of miktoarm frustration and block bidispersity and is shown to stabilize discrete spheres and cylinders of the A block up to values o ...
 DOI:
 10.1021/acs.macromol.9b02254

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.9b02254
 Author:
 Xiao, Weilin; Yu, Jun
 Source:
 Economics letters 2019 v.177 pp. 2629
 ISSN:
 01651765
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; economics; models; Show all 3 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... This paper extends the asymptotic theory for the fractional Vasicek model developed in Xiao and Yu (2018) from the case where H∈(1∕2,1) to where H∈(0,1∕2). It is found that the asymptotic theory of the persistence parameter (κ) critically depends on the sign of κ . Moreover, if κ>0, the asymptotic distribution for the estimator of κ is different when H∈(0,1∕2) from that when H∈(1∕2,1). ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.econlet.2019.01.020

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2019.01.020
 Author:
 Babadagli, T.
 Source:
 Journal of hydrology 2020 v.587 pp. 124937
 ISSN:
 00221694
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; anisotropy; fractal dimensions; hydrology; models; permeability; Show all 6 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Quantitatively describing complex natural systems and their processes is a challenging task; additionally, the random nature of these processes adds more difficulty to this problem. This paper considers fracture networks as a system and the concepts of percolation theory and fractal geometry are combined to define the conductivity characteristics of such structures. Correlations between fracture n ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.124937

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.124937
 Author:
 Camalan, Mahmut
 Source:
 Powder technology 2020 v.369 pp. 106113
 ISSN:
 00325910
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; Weibull statistics; mass flow; particle size distribution; Show all 4 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... The numberweighted particle size distributions are difficult to be estimated experimentally. This study offers a simple conversion method to convert massweighted distributions to their numberweighted equivalents. Besides, the numberweighted equivalents of the GatesGaudinSchuhmann, GaudinMeloy, Pareto, and RosinRammler distributions were determined by the conversion method. The accuracy of ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.powtec.2020.05.011

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2020.05.011
 Author:
 Gu, Jiabin; Zhang, Runrong; Zhang, Liangshun; Lin, Jiaping
 Source:
 Macromolecules 2020 v.53 no.6 pp. 21112122
 ISSN:
 15205835
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; annealing; composite polymers; models; molecular dynamics; nanocomposites; nanoparticles; Show all 7 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... The integration of the dynamic selfconsistent field theory for polymer molecules and molecular dynamics for nanoparticles is proposed to model the structural evolution of nanocomposites in the course of zone annealing. Using computational modeling, we establish an effective approach to simultaneously tailor the spatial regularity of selfassembled nanostructures of diblock copolymers and the arra ...
 DOI:
 10.1021/acs.macromol.0c00101

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.0c00101
 Author:
 Akhmetshina, E.S.; Khursan, S.L.
 Source:
 Thermochimica acta 2020 v.685 pp. 178541
 ISSN:
 00406031
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; energy; enthalpy; hydrogen bonding; organic compounds; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Graph theory based method is proposed for constructing a complete set of homodesmotic reactions (HDR) for studying the molecular energy of organic compounds. The efficiency of the method is shown by the example of ring strain energy Eₛ calculation for a test set of 65 cyclic compounds. The absolute enthalpies of the cycles as well as of reference compounds used in HDRs were calculated using the co ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.tca.2020.178541

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2020.178541
 Author:
 Ausdemore, M.A.; Neumann, C.
 Source:
 Forensic science international 2020 v.308 pp. 110144
 ISSN:
 03790738
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; analytical methods; crime; dust; forensic sciences; models; Show all 6 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... While most evidence types considered by forensic scientists result from the interactions between criminals, objects or victims at crime scenes, dust evidence arises from the mere presence of individuals and objects at locations of interest. Dust is ubiquitous. Yet, the use of dust evidence is anecdotical and is limited to cases where rare and characteristic particles are observed. The dust at any ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110144

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110144
 Author:
 Ju, Cheng; Benkeser, David; van der Laan, Mark J.
 Source:
 Biometrics 2020 v.76 no.1 pp. 109118
 ISSN:
 0006341X
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; artificial intelligence; biometry; confidence interval; models; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Many estimators of the average effect of a treatment on an outcome require estimation of the propensity score, the outcome regression, or both. It is often beneficial to utilize flexible techniques, such as semiparametric regression or machine learning, to estimate these quantities. However, optimal estimation of these regressions does not necessarily lead to optimal estimation of the average trea ...
 DOI:
 10.1111/biom.13121

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/biom.13121
 Author:
 Bakels, Sjors; Gaigeot, MariePierre; Rijs, Anouk M.
 Source:
 Chemical reviews 2020 v.120 no.7 pp. 32333260
 ISSN:
 15206890
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; amino acids; gases; infrared spectroscopy; peptides; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Gasphase, double resonance IR spectroscopy has proven to be an excellent approach to obtain structural information on peptides ranging from single amino acids to large peptides and peptide clusters. In this review, we discuss the stateoftheart of infrared action spectroscopy of peptides in the farIR and THz regime. An introduction to the field of farIR spectroscopy is given, thereby highligh ...
 DOI:
 10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00547
 PubMed:
 32073261
 PubMed Central:
 PMC7146864

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00547
 Author:
 Si, Yifan; Dong, Zhichao
 Source:
 Langmuir 2020 v.36 no.3 pp. 667681
 ISSN:
 15205827
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; electricity; fluid mechanics; reaction mechanisms; wettability; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Developments in bioinspired superwetting materials have triggered technological revolutions in many disciplines. One representative area is liquid directional transport dominated by interface properties, which has experienced rapid progress recently. To improve the controllability, scientists try to use the external field, such as light, electricity, thermal, and so on, to assist or achieve contro ...
 DOI:
 10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b03385

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b03385
 Author:
 Oh, Myong In; Oh, Chang In; Gupta, Mayuri; Weaver, Donald F.
 Source:
 Journal of physical chemistry 2020 v.124 no.4 pp. 25742582
 ISSN:
 19327455
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; algorithms; medicine; molecular dynamics; neural networks; Show all 5 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... The anomalous behavior of water at the aqueous interface of a surface has been thoroughly investigated over the past decades. However, indirect surface characterization based on the properties of interfacial water has not been wellstudied at the molecular level despite its practical significance in science and medicine. Here, we present the theoretical development of an inference of surface charg ...
 DOI:
 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b11442

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b11442
 Author:
 Yoon, Seonkyoo; Lee, Seunghak; Williams, John R.; Kang, Peter K.
 Source:
 Advances in water resources 2020 v.135 pp. 103468
 ISSN:
 03091708
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; aquifers; convection; models; permeability; prediction; salinity; Show all 7 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Predicting variabledensity flow and transport in aquifers is critical for the management of many coastal saline aquifers. Accurate characterization of hydrogeological parameters is critical for prediction, and the characterization is often conducted by assimilating data into models. However, few studies have investigated the underlying physics controlling the valueofinformation (VOI) of data fo ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.advwatres.2019.103468

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2019.103468
 Author:
 Kongo, Takumi
 Source:
 Economics letters 2019 v.183 pp. 108539
 ISSN:
 01651765
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; mathematical models; surpluses; Show all 3 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... We axiomatize the class of weighted (surplus) division values, that is, a generalization of the equal (surplus) division value for cooperative games with transferable utilities. From the set of axioms that characterizes the equal (surplus) division value, we replace an axiom with its qualitative generalization and the other axiom with a slightly stronger one. ...
 DOI:
 10.1016/j.econlet.2019.108539

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2019.108539
 Author:
 Blaber, S.; Abukhdeir, N. M.; Matsen, M. W.
 Source:
 Macromolecules 2019 v.52 no.18 pp. 69886997
 ISSN:
 15205835
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; models; polymers; solvents; Show all 4 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... The equilibrium phase behavior of mainchain liquidcrystalline polymer brushes in good solvent is investigated using selfconsistent field theory. The calculation assumes semidilute brushes, where the grafting density is sufficient to cause overlap among the polymers but low enough to allow the solvent to be treated implicitly. The polymers are modeled as semiflexible wormlike chains with Maier–S ...
 DOI:
 10.1021/acs.macromol.9b01481

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.9b01481
 Author:
 Garg, Harish; Kumar, Kamal
 Source:
 National Academy science letters 2019 v.42 no.4 pp. 351354
 ISSN:
 0250541X
 Subject:
 mathematical theory, etc ; fuzzy logic; uncertainty; Show all 3 Subjects
 Abstract:
 ... Set pair analysis (SPA) is an updated uncertainty theory to study both certainty and uncertainty as one certain–uncertain system. The main principal of SPA is to analyze the feature and construct a connection degree to them. To address it, this paper presents some generalized operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on connection numbers along with their properties. F ...
 DOI:
 10.1007/s4000901807485

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s4000901807485