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Analysis of amantadine in biological fluids using hollow fiber-based liquid–liquid–liquid microextraction followed by corona discharge ion mobility spectrometry

Saraji, Mohammad, Khayamian, Taghi, Mirmahdieh, Shiva, Bidgoli, Ali Akbar Hajialiakbari
Journal of chromatography 2011 v.879 no.28 pp. 3065-3070
chromatography, detection limit, humans, ionic strength, liquid-phase microextraction, methanol, sodium hydroxide, solvents, spectroscopy, urine
A method based on liquid–liquid–liquid microextraction combined with corona discharge ion mobility spectrometry was developed for the analysis of amantadine in human urine and plasma samples. Amantadine was extracted from alkaline aqueous sample as donor phase through a thin phase of organic solvent (n-dodecane) filling the pores of the hollow fiber wall and then back extracted into the organic acceptor phase (methanol) located in the lumen of the hollow fiber. All variables affecting the extraction of analyte including acceptor organic solvent type, concentration of NaOH in donor phase, ionic strength of the sample and extraction time were studied. The linear range was 20–1000 and 5–250ng/mL for plasma and urine, respectively (r²≥0.990). The limits of detection were calculated to be 7.2 and 1.6ng/mL for plasma and urine, respectively. The relative standard deviation was lower than 8.2% for both urine and plasma samples. The enrichment factors were between 45 and 54. The method was successfully applied for the analysis of amantadine in urine and plasma samples.