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Separation and purification of water-soluble iridoid glucosides by high speed counter-current chromatography combined with macroporous resin column separation

Yue, Hui-Lan, Zhao, Xiao-Hui, Wang, Qi-Lan, Tao, Yan-Duo
Journal of Chromatography B 2013 v.936 pp. 57-62
carbon, chemical structure, countercurrent chromatography, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, iridoid glycosides, medicinal plants, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, solvents, stable isotopes
Four iridoid glucosides, shanzhiside methyl ester, phloyoside II, chlorotuberside, and penstemonoside, were isolated and purified from an herbal medicinal plant for the first time by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) using a two-phase solvent system composed of ethyl acetate–n-butanol–water (5:14:12, v/v/v). A total of 37mg of shanzhiside methyl ester, 29mg of phloyoside II, 27mg of chlorotuberside, and 21mg of penstemonoside with the purity of 99.2%, 98.5%, 97.3%, and 99.3%, respectively, were obtained in one-step separation within 4h from 150mg of crude extract. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of separation and purification of iridoid glucosides from natural sources by HSCCC. The chemical structures of all the four compounds were identified by ESI-MS, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR.