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Anion exchange membranes based on semi-interpenetrating polymer network of quaternized chitosan and polystyrene

Wang, Jilin, He, Ronghuan, Che, Quantong
Journal of colloid and interface science 2011 v.361 no.1 pp. 219-225
acetic acid, ambient temperature, anion exchange, aqueous solutions, chitosan, durability, emulsions, models, monitoring, nitrogen, polymerization, polystyrenes, potassium hydroxide, soaking, stress relaxation, styrene
Anion exchange membranes with semi-interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN) were prepared based on quaternized chitosan (QCS) and polystyrene (PS). The PS was synthesized by polymerization of styrene monomers in the emulsion of the QCS in an acetic acid aqueous solution under nitrogen atmosphere at elevated temperatures. The semi-IPN system was formed by post-cross-linking of the QCS. A hydroxyl ionic conductivity of 2.80×10⁻²Scm⁻¹ at 80°C and a tensile stress at break of 20.0MPa at room temperature were reached, respectively, by the semi-IPN membrane containing 21wt.% of the PS. The durability of the semi-IPN membrane in alkaline solutions was tested by monitoring the variation of the conductivity and the mechanical strength. The degradation of the conductivity at 80°C was about 5% by immersing the membrane in a 1molL⁻¹ KOH solution at room temperature for 72h and at 60°C for 50h, respectively. The tensile stress at break at room temperature could maintain about 20.0MPa for the membrane soaking in a 10molL⁻¹ KOH solution at ambient temperature for more than 70h. The water swelling of the semi-IPN membranes was discussed based on the stress relaxation model of polymer chains, and it obeyed the Schott’s second-order swelling kinetics.