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The interaction of an azo compound with a surfactant and ion pair adsorption to solid phases
- Gomes, Ana Carolina Ribeiro, Cafer, Luciene Dias Fernandes, Homem-de-Mello, Paula, Coutinho-Neto, Maurício Domingues, Gaubeur, Ivanise
- Journal of colloid and interface science 2012 v.367 no.1 pp. 370-377
- adsorption, cationic surfactants, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, models, resins, silica gel
- The adsorption of SPADNS (trisodium salt of 2-(p-sulfophenylazo)-1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid) onto resins XAD 2, XAD 7 and silica gel was studied in the presence and in the absence of the cationic surfactant CTAB (cetyl trimethylammonium bromide). At a ratio of 2.5 CTAB to 1 SPADNS, the surfactant caused a marked increase in SPADNS adsorption. The experimental results for adsorption versus time were applied on the basis of three kinetic models (pseudo-first-order Lagergren, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion). The interaction between CTAB and SPADNS was investigated using spectrophotometric, conductometric, and computational techniques. Theoretical results point to the formation of an ion pair between CTAB and SPADNS that influences the solution spectra, in agreement with conductometric and spectrophotometric data.