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Water adsorption–desorption isotherms of two-dimensional hexagonal mesoporous silica around freezing point

Endo, Akira, Yamaura, Toshio, Yamashita, Kyohei, Matsuoka, Fumio, Hihara, Eiji, Daiguji, Hirofumi
Journal of colloid and interface science 2012 v.367 no.1 pp. 409-414
adsorption, condensation, equations, evaporation, freezing, freezing point, hysteresis, silica, surface tension, temperature, water vapor
Zr-doped mesoporous silica with a diameter of approximately 3.8nm was synthesized via an evaporation-induced self-assembly process, and the adsorption–desorption isotherms of water vapor were measured in the temperature range of 263–298K. The measured adsorption–desorption isotherms below 273K indicated that water confined in the mesopores did not freeze at any relative pressure. All isotherms had a steep curve, resulting from capillary condensation/evaporation, and a pronounced hysteresis. The hysteresis loop, which is associated with a delayed adsorption process, increased with a decrease in temperature. Furthermore, the curvature radius where capillary evaporation/condensation occurs was evaluated by the combined Kelvin and Gibbs–Tolman–Koening–Buff (GTKB) equations for the modification of the interfacial tension due to the interfacial curvature. The thickness of the water adsorption layer for capillary condensation was slightly larger, whereas that for capillary evaporation was slightly smaller than 0.7nm.