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Copper release kinetics from a long-term contaminated acid soil using a stirred flow chamber: Effect of ionic strength and pH

Fernández-Calviño, David, Bermúdez-Couso, Alipio, Garrido-Rodríguez, Beatriz, Peña Rodríguez, Susana, Arias-Estévez, Manuel
Journal of colloid and interface science 2012 v.367 no.1 pp. 422-428
acid soils, calcium, copper, ionic strength, pH, sodium
The effect of pH and ionic strength on copper release in a long-term Cu-polluted soil was studied using a stirred flow chamber. The presence of Ca²⁺ and Na⁺ was also evaluated. More copper was released as the ionic strength increased, and it was significantly higher in the presence of Ca²⁺ than in the presence of Na⁺. The maximum amount of Cu that could be released under experimental conditions increased logarithmically as the ionic strength increased, and the release rate parameters were not significantly correlated with ionic strength values. The maximum amount of Cu that could be released was similar for solutions with pH values between 5.5 and 8.5. For solutions with a pH value below 4.5, the amount of Cu released increased exponentially as the pH decreased. The release rate parameters and Cu release pattern were affected by pH, especially for more acidic solutions (pH values of 2.5 and 3.5).