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Characterization of paraffin oil emulsions stabilized by hydroxypropyl methylcellulose

Futamura, Taiki, Kawaguchi, Masami
Journal of colloid and interface science 2012 v.367 no.1 pp. 55-60
creaming, droplet size, emulsifiers, emulsions, methylcellulose, oils, polymers, storage modulus, viscoelasticity
To study the relationship between emulsion stability and polymer emulsifier concentration, the preparation of paraffin oil emulsions by hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) was carried out with HPMC concentrations below the overlapping concentration (C*) of HPMC. The stability of the emulsions incorporating HPMC was investigated by measuring the creaming velocity, volume fraction of emulsified paraffin oil, oil droplet size, and some rheological responses such as the stress–strain sweep curve and strain and frequency dependences of dynamic viscoelastic moduli. The paraffin oil was almost emulsified by HPMC above C*/20: the volume fraction of paraffin oil in the emulsion was higher than 0.72. Increasing in the HPMC concentration led to decreases in both the average oil droplet size and creaming velocity and an increase in the yield stress. All emulsions behaved as solid-like viscoelastic matter. Additionally, the measured dynamic storage moduli were compared with those calculated from a relationship based on functions of the volume fraction of oil in the emulsions and Laplace pressure; good agreement between the measured and calculated moduli was obtained. On the other hand, at HPMC concentrations below C*/50, the emulsified paraffin oil became unstable and the oil and the HPMC solution eventually separated.