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Selective follicular targeting by modification of the particle sizes

Patzelt, Alexa, Richter, Heike, Knorr, Fanny, Schäfer, Ulrich, Lehr, Claus-Michael, Dähne, Lars, Sterry, Wolfram, Lademann, Juergen
Journal of controlled release 2011 v.150 no.1 pp. 45-48
hair follicles, humans, particle size, swine
Hair follicles represent interesting target sites for topically applied substances such as topical vaccinations or agents used in the field of regenerative medicine. In recent years, it could be shown that particles penetrate very effectively into the hair follicles. In the present study, the influence of particle size on the follicular penetration depths was examined. The penetration depths of two different types of particles sized 122 to 1000nm were determined in vitro on porcine skin. The results revealed that the particles of medium size (643 and 646nm, respectively) penetrated deeper into the porcine hair follicles than smaller or larger particles. It was concluded that by varying the particle size, different sites within the porcine hair follicle can be targeted selectively. For the human terminal hair follicle, the situation can be expected to be similar due to a similar size ratio of the hair follicles.