Main content area

Adsorption–desorption properties and characterization of crosslinked Konjac glucomannan-graft-polyacrylamide-co-sodium xanthate

Wang, Lu-Feng, Duan, Jia-Cai, Miao, Wen-Hua, Zhang, Ruo-Jie, Pan, Si-Yi, Xu, Xiao-Yun
Journal of hazardous materials 2011 v.186 no.2-3 pp. 1681-1686
Amorphophallus, X-ray diffraction, acrylamides, adsorption, ammonium nitrate, aqueous solutions, copper, crosslinking, desorption, epichlorohydrins, flocculation, hydrogen bonding, microscopy, models, nitric acid, polymers, polysaccharides, sorption isotherms, thermal stability
A new flocculant, based on Konjac-graft-poly (acrylamide)-co-sodium xanthate (CKAX), was synthesized in aqueous solution using epichlorohydrin (ECH) as the cross-linker and ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) as the initiator. X-ray diffraction indicated the existence of strong interaction between KGM and reactant, including intermolecular and intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Microscopy images exhibited the appropriate pore size and distribution, which might be related to a higher capacity of flocculation and adsorption. Thermo gravimetric analysis showed that the synthetic polymer could improve the thermo-stability of the natural polysaccharides, and there was a positive correlation between polymer residual weight and flocculation. The adsorption and desorption properties for copper ions indicated that the adsorption rate could be described by a pseudo-second-order rate model, and the Freundlich model provides the best fit for the resulting adsorption isotherm. The flocculant can be regenerated in HNO₃ solution.