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Managing major chemical accidents in China: Towards effective risk information
- He, Guizhen, Zhang, Lei, Lu, Yonglong, Mol, Arthur P.J.
- Journal of hazardous materials 2011 v.187 no.1-3 pp. 171-181
- accidents, data collection, environmental health, humans, industry, information systems, risk, risk management, China
- Chemical industries, from their very inception, have been controversial due to the high risks they impose on safety of human beings and the environment. Recent decades have witnessed increasing impacts of the accelerating expansion of chemical industries and chemical accidents have become a major contributor to environmental and health risks in China. This calls for the establishment of an effective chemical risk management system, which requires reliable, accurate and comprehensive data in the first place. However, the current chemical accident-related data system is highly fragmented and incomplete, as different responsible authorities adopt different data collection standards and procedures for different purposes. In building a more comprehensive, integrated and effective information system, this article: (i) reviews and assesses the existing data sources and data management, (ii) analyzes data on 976 recorded major hazardous chemical accidents in China over the last 40 years, and (iii) identifies the improvements required for developing integrated risk management in China.