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Comparative modeling of biological nutrient removal from landfill leachate using a circulating fluidized bed bioreactor (CFBBR)

Eldyasti, Ahmed, Andalib, Mehran, Hafez, Hisham, Nakhla, George, Zhu, Jesse
Journal of hazardous materials 2011 v.187 no.1-3 pp. 140-149
ammonium nitrogen, biochemical oxygen demand, biological treatment, biomass, bioreactors, fluidized beds, landfill leachates, models, nitrate nitrogen, nutrients, prediction
Steady state operational data from a pilot scale circulating fluidized bed bioreactor (CFBBR) during biological treatment of landfill leachate, at empty bed contact times (EBCTs) of 0.49, and 0.41d and volumetric nutrients loading rates of 2.2–2.6kgCOD/(m³d), 0.7–0.8kgN/(m³d), and 0.014–0.016kgP/(m³d), was used to calibrate and compare developed process models in BioWin® and AQUIFAS®. BioWin® and AQUIFAS® were both capable of predicting most of the performance parameters such as effluent TKN, NH₄-N, NO₃-N, TP, PO₄-P, TSS, and VSS with an average percentage error (APE) of 0–20%. BioWin® underpredicted the effluent BOD and SBOD values for various runs by 80% while AQUIFAS® predicted effluent BOD and SBOD with an APE of 50%. Although both calibrated models, confirmed the advantages of the CFBBR technology in treating the leachate of high volumetric loading and low biomass yields due to the long solid retention time (SRT), both BioWin® and AQUIFAS® predicted the total biomass and SRT of CFBBR based on active biomass only, whereas in the CFBBR runs both active as well as inactive biomass accumulated.