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Feasibility study on an oxidant-injected permeable reactive barrier to treat BTEX contamination: Adsorptive and catalytic characteristics of waste-reclaimed adsorbent

Do, Si-Hyun, Kwon, Yong-Jae, Kong, Sung-Ho
Journal of hazardous materials 2011 v.191 no.1-3 pp. 19-25
BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene), adsorbents, adsorption, hydrogen peroxide, iron oxides, metal ions, oxidants, oxidation, pH, surface area
The adsorptive and catalytic characteristics of waste-reclaimed adsorbent (WR), which is a calcined mixture of bottom-ash and dredged-soil, was investigated for its application to treating BTEX contamination. BTEX adsorption in WR was 54%, 64%, 62%, and 65%, respectively, for a 72h reaction time. Moreover, the catalytic characteristics of WR were observed when three types of oxidation systems (i.e., H₂O₂, persulfate (PS), and H₂O₂/Fe(III)/oxalate) were tested, and these catalytic roles of WR could be due to iron oxide on its surface. In PS/WR system, large amounts of metal ions from WR were released because of large drops of solution pH, and the surface area of WR was also greatly reduced. Moreover, the BTEX that was removed per consumed oxidant (ΔCᵣₑₘ/ΔOx) increased with increasing PS. In H₂O₂/Fe(III)/oxalate with WR system, the highest BTEX degradation rate constants (kdₑg) were calculated as 0.338, 0.365, 0.500 and 0.716h⁻¹, respectively, when 500mM of H₂O₂ was used, and the sorbed BTEX on the surface of WR was also degraded, which suggests the regeneration of WR. Therefore, the oxidant-injected permeable reactive barrier filled in WR could be an alternative to treating BTEX with both adsorption and catalytic degradation.