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Combination of two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy and parallel factor analysis to characterize the binding of heavy metals with DOM in lake sediments

Xu, Huacheng, Yu, Guanghui, Yang, Liuyan, Jiang, Helong
Journal of hazardous materials 2013 v.263 pp. 412-421
absorption, binding properties, binding sites, dissolved organic matter, factor analysis, heavy metals, lakes, models, sediments, spectroscopy, toxicity, water pollution, zinc
Enhanced knowledge on the binding of heavy metal (HM) with dissolved organic matter (DOM) is essential for understanding the toxicity and migration of HMs. In this study, two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) and parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis were combined to characterize the metal binding properties of DOMs, which were respectively extracted from macrophyte- and algal-dominant sediments (named MDOM and ADOM) in a eutrophic shallow lake. 2D absorption COS revealed that MDOM exhibited more HM binding sites (193, 195, 196, 199, 201, 203, 205, 207, 208, 212, 217nm) than ADOM (201, 205nm). PARAFAC analysis identified one protein- and two humic-like components from all titrated samples, with each component exhibiting different binding behaviors. The modified Stern–Volmer model showed that PARAFAC-derived components in MDOM had higher conditional stability constants (logKM) than in ADOM, suggesting that macrophyte-dominant sediments might play a more important role in the detoxification of HMs. Meanwhile, low binding abilities of Zn(II)-DOM complexes indicated that the toxicity of zinc in eutrophic lakes should not be overlooked. More aromatic functional groups and binding sites were suggested to be responsible for the high binding ability. 2D-COS was a better approach than PARAFAC analysis for exploring HM–DOM interaction.