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A comparative evaluation of the liquid–liquid extraction and pertraction efficiency of a both-side diglycolamide-functionalized calixarene with analogous upper and lower-rim calixarenes for actinide separations
- Mohapatra, P.K., Rout, D.R., Iqbal, M., Huskens, J., Verboom, W.
- Journal of membrane science 2013 v.444 pp. 268-275
- EDTA (chelating agent), aromatic hydrocarbons, cesium, diffusivity, equations, ions, liquid membranes, liquid-liquid extraction, nitric acid, pH, solvents, strontium
- A lower-rim (L-I), an upper-rim (L-II), and a both-side (L-III) diglycolamide-functionalized calixarene were evaluated for the extraction of actinide ions such as UO₂ ²⁺, Pu⁴⁺, and Am³⁺ and fission product element ions such as Eu³⁺, Cs⁺, and Sr²⁺ from dilute nitric acid feed solutions. Conditions for quantitative extraction and stripping were found out and the kinetics of it were investigated for the extraction of Am³⁺. Though the actinide ions were generally extracted efficiently, UO₂ ²⁺ was poorly extracted. Supported liquid membrane (SLM) studies were carried out using the diglycolamide-functionalized calixarenes under varying feed acidities and carrier extractant concentrations and the results compared with that of TODGA under identical conditions. A 0.01M EDTA solution (pH 3.0) was found to yield quantitative transport of Am(III) using the extractants L-I–L-III. The transport efficiency of the carrier solvent system was Eu³⁺>Pu⁴⁺>Am³⁺⪢UO₂ ²⁺. Diffusion coefficient values were both calculated by the Wilke-Chang equation and determined by the lag-time method. The SLM showed a poor stability, which did not improve by strip dispersion efforts.