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Polyarylethersulfone with cardo/poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) blend membrane for pervaporation of methanol/methyl tert-butyl ether mixtures

Han, Guang Lu, Gong, Yi, Zhang, Qiu Gen, Liu, Qing Lin
Journal of membrane science 2013 v.448 pp. 55-61
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, artificial membranes, contact angle, mechanical properties, methanol, pervaporation, pyrrolidones, scanning electron microscopy
Polyarylethersulfone with cardo (PES-C) and poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) blend membranes with various PVP contents were prepared for pervaporation separation of methanol (MeOH)/methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) mixtures. The membranes were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXRD), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact angle metering and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS). The influence of PVP content on the swelling behavior and mechanical properties was studied. The effect of PVP content on the pervaporation performance was investigated and discussed in terms of the solution-diffusion mechanism. With incorporation of PVP, the permeation flux increased and the separation factor increased as well in the PVP content range of 0–16wt%. Of all the as-fabricated blend membranes, the one containing 84wt% PES-C and 16wt% PVP showed the highest separation factor of 889 and a permeation flux of 3.44kgμmm⁻²h⁻¹ for a 15wt% MeOH feed mixture at 40°C.