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7.5-Å Cryo-EM Structure of the Mycobacterial Fatty Acid Synthase

Boehringer, Daniel, Ban, Nenad, Leibundgut, Marc
Journal of Molecular Biology 2013 v.425 pp. 841-849
Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, cell wall components, fatty acids, fatty-acid synthase, fungi, microscopy, models, pathogenicity, sequence homology
The mycobacterial fatty acid synthase (FAS) complex is a giant 2.0-MDa α6 homohexameric multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of fatty acid precursors of mycolic acids, which are major components of the cell wall in Mycobacteria and play an important role in pathogenicity. Here, we present a three-dimensional reconstruction of the Mycobacterium smegmatis FAS complex at 7.5Å, highly homologous to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis multienzyme, by cryo-electron microscopy. Based on the obtained structural data, which allowed us to identify secondary-structure elements, and sequence homology with the fungal FAS, we generated an accurate architectural model of the complex. The FAS system from Mycobacteria resembles a minimized version of the fungal FAS with much larger openings in the reaction chambers. These architectural features of the mycobacterial FAS may be important for the interaction with mycolic acid processing and condensing enzymes that further modify the precursors produced by FAS and for autoactivation of the FAS complex.