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‘Omics’ techniques for identifying flooding–response mechanisms in soybean

Komatsu, Setsuko, Shirasaka, Naoki, Sakata, Katsumi
Journal of proteomics 2013 v.93 pp. 169-178
agronomy, breeding, climate, crop yield, crops, cultivars, gene expression, metabolites, metabolomics, phenotype, proteomics, rain, seedling growth, soybeans, transcriptomics
Plant growth and productivity are adversely influenced by various environmental stresses, which often lead to reduced seedling growth and decreased crop yields. Plants respond to stressful conditions through changes in ‘omics’ profiles, including transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. Linking plant phenotype to gene expression patterns, protein abundance, and metabolite accumulation is one of the main challenges for improving agricultural production. ‘Omics’ approaches may shed insight into the mechanisms that function in soybean in response to environmental stresses, particularly flooding by frequent rain, which occurs worldwide due to changes in global climate. Flooding causes significant reductions in the growth and yield of several crops, especially soybean. The application of ‘omics’ techniques may facilitate the development of flood-tolerant cultivars of soybean. In this review, the use of ‘omics’ techniques towards understanding the flooding-responsive mechanisms of soybeans is discussed, as the findings from these studies are expected to have applications in both breeding and agronomy.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Translational Plant Proteomics.