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Estradiol, acting through estrogen receptor alpha, restores dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase activity and nitric oxide production in oxLDL-treated human arterial endothelial cells
- Novella, Susana, Laguna-Fernández, Andrés, Lázaro-Franco, Macarena, Sobrino, Agua, Bueno-Betí, Carlos, Tarín, Juan J., Monsalve, Elena, Sanchís, Juan, Hermenegildo, Carlos
- Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 2013 v.365 pp. 11-16
- agonists, antagonists, cardiovascular diseases, endothelial cells, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, estradiol, estrogen receptors, high performance liquid chromatography, humans, immunoblotting, low density lipoprotein, nitric oxide, protein synthesis, umbilical arteries
- Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. ADMA accumulation, mainly due to a decreased dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) activity, has been related to the development of cardiovascular diseases. We investigate whether estradiol prevents the changes induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) on the DDAH/ADMA/NO pathway in human umbilical artery endothelial cells (HUAEC). HUAEC were exposed to estradiol, native LDL (nLDL), oxLDL and their combinations for 24h. In some experiments, cells were also exposed to the unspecific estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist ICI 182780, the specific ERα antagonist MPP or specific agonists for ERα, ERβ and GPER. ADMA concentration was measured by HPLC and concentration of NO by amperometry. Protein expression and DDAH activity were measured by immunoblotting and an enzymatic method, respectively. oxLDL, but not nLDL, increased ADMA concentration with a concomitant decrease on DDAH activity. oxLDL reduced eNOS protein and NO production. Estradiol alone had no effects on DDAH/ADMA/NO pathway, but increased the attenuated endothelial NO production induced by oxLDL by reduction in ADMA and preventing loss of eNOS protein levels. ICI 182780 and MPP completely abolished these effects of estradiol on oxLDL-exposed cells. ERα agonist, but not ERβ and GPER agonists, mirrored estradiol effects on NO production. In conclusion, estradiol restores (1) DDAH activity, and therefore ADMA levels, and (2) NO production impaired by oxLDL in HUAEC acting through ERα.